Liquid Dynamics International Ltd. - Piping System Analysis / Piping System Simulation

LDi – P8

Suction side pulsation
The problem - absorbed air or gas

"Started" for Reciprocating pumps means each suction stroke.

When a pump is started, there is an instant pressure fall at the pump end of the system.
Unless intercepted, a negative pressure wave travels back up stream to the point of supply.

The sudden pressure reduction causes gasses to come out of solution. They form bubbles, which join then act as springs between slugs of liquid.

The slugs are excited into oscillation by the rebounding negative wave. The slugs then alternately slam then starve the pump suction. The higher the pressure the harder the slam.
Air / gas out of solution
Excited mass oscillation between two springs

If the pump has suction check valves, they are knocked open when they should be closing. (see "VE" below).

Mass
Velocity
The force from the mass velocity of the slugs is more than check + spring
Do not increase force / pressure
Volume is good, force is bad
When you are thirsty, you lift and pour the liquid in, you don't force a pressurized hose down your throat!
The biggest enemy of good volumetric efficiency for a reciprocating pump, is too much pressure on the suction side.

"VE" - Volumetric efficiency falls, and pulsation shakes the pipes, which causes even more pressure pulsation.