The schematic shows a typical LDi “ShockView” computer model that was compiled to analyze marine tanker loading systems from the jetty. There were five products, each coming a different distance from Tank farm pumps, each with a different viscosity, specific gravity, and compressibility.
Valve closure shock and pump start surge analysis
Water hammer shock or pump start-up surge analysis according to valve closure time or pump run-up time.
Valve shock preventor
Fast closing valve time seconds
Fast run up time pump, start-up surge, seconds
Keep I.D. as small as possible to dissipate shock.